Here’s some fascinating footage from 1942, showing Drs. James Watts and Walter Freeman performing a prefrontal leucotomy. The footage accompanies a short article called Lobotomy Revisited, and, like last week’s trepanation film clip, is not for the squeamish.)
The procedure shown in the film is the Freeman-Watts Standard Procedure, which had been in use since 1936. This is different from the “ice-pick” lobotomy, which Freeman began to perform in 1945; it more closely resembles the original procedure of the Portugese neurosurgeon Egas Moniz.